Stem Cell

What is Stem Cell?

Stem cells are special cells that can do two very important things most cells cannot:

1. Stem cells can multiply.

2. Stem cells can turn into other types of cells or tissues.

These things are very important because they mean that stem cells have the potential to heal many types of damaged tissue.  In fact, most of the healing that takes place in our bodies is done by stem cells.

When we cut our finger, the damaged cells release special chemicals called GROWTH FACTORS.  Growth factors activate dormant stem cells in the surrounding tissue that then produce new skin cells and heal the wound.

Once it is healed, the stem cells again become dormant.  Enhancing the body’s ability to activate stem cells and deliver them to an injury has a tremendous potential to heal injuries and diseases that have resisted other treatments.

What are the different types of Stem Cells?

A stem cell is basically any cell that can replicate and differentiate. 

This means the cell can not only multiply, it can turn into different types of tissues. There are different kinds of stem cells. 

Most people are familiar with or have heard the term “embryonic stem cell.” These are cells from the embryonic stage that have yet to differentiate – as such, they can change into any body part at all. These are then called “pluri-potential” cells. 

Because they are taken from unborn or unwanted embryos, there has been considerable controversy surrounding their use. Also, while they have been used in some areas of medicine – particularly, outside the UK & USA – they have also been associated with occasional tumor (teratoma) formations. 

There is work being conducted by several companies to isolate particular lines of embryonic stem cells for future use.

Another kind of stem cell is the “adult stem cell.” 

This is a stem cell that already resides in one’s body within different tissues. In recent times, much work has been done isolating bone-marrow derived stem cells. 

These are also known as “mesenchymal stem cells” because they come from the mesodermal section of your body. They can differentiate into bone and cartilage, and probably all other mesodermal elements, such as fat, connective tissue, blood vessels, muscle and nerve tissue. 

Bone marrow stem cells can be extracted and because they are low in numbers, they are usually cultured in order to multiply their numbers for future use.

As it turns out, fat is also loaded with mesenchymal stem cells

In fact, it has hundreds if not thousands of times more stem cells compared to bone marrow. 

Today, we actually have tools that allow us to separate the stem cells from fat. Because most people have adequate fat supplies and the numbers of stem cells are so great, there is no need to culture the cells over a period of days and they can be used right away. This process of obtaining Stem Cells from Fat is SVF.